Diet Myths Busted
The Diet FItness Diva Newsletter Archives

Entries in proper form (2)


My calf muscles cramp when I do speed play or jumping jack intervals that last more than 30 seconds. How can I alleviate these cramps and what can I do to prevent them?

Many people unconsciously engage in abnormal foot motion, or hyperpronation, by walking on their instep or rolling their feet; this places a constant strain on the calf muscles to compensate. If this is something you are doing, the added stress from spinning and from doing plyometrics could cause the discomfort.  When spinning, try to keep your feet aligned with your ankles at all times. You want your foot to be flat across the bottom of the pedal stroke and your ankle to remain fairly stiff. Think of how your foot would be in a downhill ski boot. This will prevent any rocking motion you may be doing with your foot and ankle. When doing jumping jacks or other hi-impact moves, be sure and land with soft knees and not locked knees or other joints. Keep your knees just slightly bent or loose. Make sure you keep most of the work in the upper leg and don’t tighten your toes! Also be sure that you hydrate – drink lots of water during class!!

If these suggestions don’t work, it may be that you just need to acclimate to the routines and movement. Your muscles will get stronger. Exercise is a learned skill, so it takes time for your body to be fully able to do the routines. Until then, take a break when you need it and jump back in as soon as you can.


I was told in a class that putting my arms above my head or holding a weight above my head while doing sit-ups would cause my neck muscles to over develop and give me a “football players” neck. I’m a woman and I don’t want a big neck! What’s with this?

With most exercise and when doing sit-ups or crunches, form is more important than anything else.  When you extend the arms above your head with or without a weight, you have lengthened the lever arm your abdominal muscles have to lift up. The longer the lever, the more work the ab muscles have to do to lift you up. Sit-ups are an exercise meant to develop the muscles of the core and not the neck.  Therefore, if you are feeling any stress in the neck muscles it is because your form is compromised and you are pulling up with your head and not lifting with your core. Many people do not do sit-ups correctly; it is easy to get them wrong. If you believe your form is compromised, check with your instructor or with a personal trainer.